22. juli-senteret

Anti-feminism

Anti-feminism concerns opposition to gender equality and is based on the notion that the biological traits of women and men give them pre-determined roles in their families and in society. Women are subordinate to men and their main task is to have children and thus reproduce the population. Women’s political and economic equality is therefore seen as a threat to the nation’s existence. Women who are involved in the battle for equality are deemed to be traitors and legitimate targets for violent acts.

Anti-feminism strongly features in Breivik’s compendium. Breivik believes that women are on the verge of seizing power in society by taking on positions of power that should be reserved for men. He further claims that men have become weak and ‘soft’ as a consequence of equality. This, in turn, leads to a lack of ability to prevent the alleged Islamisation of Norway, according to Breivik.

He also wants stricter control of women’s bodies and sexuality, and thinks that women should be removed from public roles and become housewives. In the civil war he believes to be ongoing and that needs to be intensified, women are a target. What he believes to be the natural order of the sexes must be reinstated, and controlled reproduction of white children must be initiated. A society without women is also described in the terrorist’s compendium, which shows that not only the battle against equality, but also a hatred of women, are part of the right-wing extremist ideology of the terrorist.

 

References

Jegerstedt, K. (2012) Frykten for det feminine: kjønnssymbolikk og misogyni i Behring Breiviks «manifest». I Østerud, S. (Red.), 22. JULI – FORSTÅ, FORKLARE, FOREBYGGE. Abstrakt.

Salomonsen, J. (2013)  Kristendom, paganisme og kvinnefiendskap. I Jupskås, A. R. (Red.) Akademiske perspektiver på 22. juli. Akademika.

Simonsen, M. (2011) De fortapte menn, Dagbladet. https://www.dagbladet.no/kultur/de-fortapte-menn/63588972

Økland, J. (2013) Feminismen, tradisjonen og forventning. I Jupskås, A. R. (Red.) Akademiske perspektiver på 22. juli. Akademika.